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Transformable 4D Printing

3D printing that produces components that can self assembly, are programmable and transformable is called 4D printing. SEE ALSO: Morphable Robotic Furniture Malleable Morphing Materials Complex Order From Simple Interactions Software That Creates Hardware SW Without HW

Self Assembly Using Sound Waves

Imagine scattering puzzle pieces on a table top, then vibrating the table until the pieces all fit into place, solving the puzzle. That’s a crude description of self-assembly, but some molecules like to combine with others when they get into the right position. Using sound waves opens up new possibilities, like assembly in three dimensions […]

Complex Order From Simple Interactions

“Emergence” is when simple components interact in simple ways but more complex properties, processes, and behavior emerge that were not part of the original pieces or their properties and behavior. Complexity emerges spontaneously in natural systems around us all the time. Ant colonies, birds flocking, chemical interactions, crystallization, traffic flow, and the automata from the […]

Software That Creates Hardware

All of our work at chiseling shapes out of matter originates with an idea of something. Then we find a way to manifest that idea through some technique of manipulating energy and matter. We “see” patterns in the swirl of the world around us and decide to recreate that pattern in a new form. The […]

Cheap Kilobot Swarms

Kilobots are small, cheap robots that move around on their slender stick-like legs by vibrating them. It takes about five minutes to build one and each once costs only $14. They are currently powered by small lithium-ion batteries which can supply a charge for three hours. Each Kilobot transmits an infrared light which allows other […]

Self-Assembling Swarms of Microrobots

Using an electrical signal to tell a swarm of microrobots to self-assemble into a desired structure has been demonstrated by researchers. The “artificial ant” won’t be far behind. Herding Swarms of Microrobots – [] Imagine a swarm of microrobots—tiny devices a few hair widths across—swimming through your blood vessels and repairing damage, or zipping around […]

Nano Self Assembly

Nanotechnology must develop new tools that operate at a level where little manipulation by humans has ever been possible. Self assembly shows that complex structures can be created from simple rules and actions. By combining these two disciplines, it is becoming possible to build the tools that nanotechnology needs to move forward. World first to […]

SW Without HW

It has been said that “without hardware, software is nothing, but without software, hardware is something.” And you can even make an argument that some level of logic can be built into hardware simply because it must have some kind of ordered structure on many levels: time and space, atomic, molecular, chemical, even simple shape. […]

Self Assembly

Self assembly is the process of small components (often at the molecular level) using simple rules to combine into complex formations. Self assembly can be guided with electrostatic fields, principles of chemistry, crystallization, fluidics or even bio-genetics. See also – Self Organizing Self-Assembly for Nanotechnology – [] Everyone knows how to assemble things: Just grasp […]

Self Organizing

If, when something is left to itself it tends to become more organized, we describe that something as “self-organizing”. This is most commonly studied in the field of cellular automata, which involves very simple programming rules that have the ability to produce quite complex output. Cellular automata is used to model developmental growth patterns that […]