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Printing Habitats for a Moon Mining Base

A base on the Moon will serve primarily as a mining station that can supply construction efforts in nearby space with needed raw materials and even some finished goods. As usual, the most valuable and most needed are the volatile gases, specifically oxygen and hydrogen for breathing, drinking, and fuel. 3D-printing a lunar base – […]

NASA Concept – Asteroid Survey

The NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program promotes ideas to innovate aerospace. One of the proposals currently being studied by NIAC involves a survey of asteroids. NASA 360 Presents – From Science Fiction to Science Fact – [youtube.com] Is suspended animation possible? Can we 3D print whole structures on the moon? How about swimming the […]

We Need More Space Stations

While the Wright brothers were working on their primitive flying platform at Kitty Hawk, other inventors were doing the same thing. Ten years later, the Avro 504 fighter was being mass produced for World War I. Within five years, almost 9,000 were produced. Construction on the International Space Station began in 1998 and the first […]

Emergency Evacuation to the Asteroid Belt

In an emergency that could threaten the survival of our entire species, an evacuation from the planet would need to be considered. The asteroid belt is the most logical place for this because of the lack of gravity wells and the abundance of raw materials for building and life support. Ultimate Bug-Out Location = the […]

A Space Based Construction Factory

Habitats for living and other spacecraft will be built in space on site. Building materials will be mined and pre-processed to sort and bundle, then will be “thrown” away from the mining site into a trajectory toward the construction site. When they arrive, they will be “caught” and refined for final processing. Large solar arrays […]

Light Speed Is Relatively Slow

We usually think of light as being extremely fast because it is the fastest thing we have been able to observe so far. The physics of relativity theory by Einstein suggests to us that the speed of light is an absolute limit built into the fabric of space and time as we observe it. This […]

GAIA Space Observatory Searches for New Asteroids

The GAIA space observatory platform was launched in 2013 into a stable Lagrange orbital point known as L-2. L-1 is a stable point on the Sun side of Earth and L-2 is a mirror of that but on the opposite side of Earth from the Sun. GAIA is a project of the European Space Agency […]

Robots in Space

We often use robots in environments that are harsh or unfriendly to humans. In space, there is a starkly drawn line between friendly and unfriendly environments – it’s called inside and outside. Inside the space habitats we will live in, it will be warm and well lit and safe. Outside it will be cold and […]

Japanese Space Elevator

Japanese firm wants to build a space elevator by 2050 – [youtube.com] The Space Elevator Construction Concept – [obayashi.co.jp] Concept Outline The space elevator is planned to be built by the year 2050 with a capacity to carry 100-ton climbers. It is composed of a 96,000-km carbon nanotube cable, a 400-m diameter floating Earth Port […]

Space Launch Costs Will Become Increasingly Irrelevant

Historically, one of the greatest impediments to the process of humanity moving out into space has been the extreme costs of launching payloads out of our gravity well. There are two factors that will contribute to a dramatic decrease in the affect of launch costs on space migration. Space elevators will greatly reduce the effort […]