Archive for relativity

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1853 – Lorentz – bio

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was born in 1853 in Arnhem, The Netherlands. He was a physicist who advanced the description of the electron and collaborated with Pieter Zeeman to describe the Zeeman effect, for which both men were awarded the nobel prize for physics in 1902. The Zeeman effect describes how a magnetic field causes light […]

1853 – Ricci-Curbastro – bio

Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro was born in Italy in 1853 and is known as the inventor of tensor calculus, which became an essential building block for relativity theory. He was a professor of mathematics at the University of Padua. He worked on differential equations and differential geometry, building on the contributions made by Gauss and Riemann. His […]

1845 – Clifford – bio

William Clifford was born in 1845 in England and was a mathematician who created geometric algebra and suggested a geometric theory of gravity that Einstein adopted and developed in relativity theory. PRECURSOR: -0300 Euclid 1643 – Newton 1777 – Gauss 1792 – Lobachevsky 1802 – Bolyai 1805 – Hamilton 1809 – Grassman 1826 – Riemann […]

1826 – Riemann – bio

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was born in 1826 in Breselenz, Germany. He worked on analytic geometry, algebraic geometry, and both non-euclidean and n-dimensional geometries. Some of this work laid important foundations for Einstein’s theory of relativity. He composed the famous “Riemann Hypothesis” which deals with predicting prime numbers. He was a student under Gauss. PRECURSOR: […]

1854 – Poincare – bio

Henri Poincare was born in Nancy, France in 1854 and was a mathematician, physicist and philosopher. He may be best known for posing a theoretical problem in topology called “the Poincare Conjecture” which is a problem in topology about how a sphere can be defined by dealing with the characteristics of a three dimensional manifold. […]

1879 – Einstein – bio

Albert Einstein was born in Wurttemburg, Germany in 1879 and become known as one of the greatest physicists and thinkers. PRECURSOR: -0300 – Euclid 1564 – Galileo 1642 – Newton 1777 – Gauss 1826 – Riemann 1831 – Maxwell 1838 – Mach 1849 – Klein 1853 – Lorentz 1854 – Poincare 1858 – Planck CONCURRENT: […]