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Light Speed Is Relatively Slow

We usually think of light as being extremely fast because it is the fastest thing we have been able to observe so far. The physics of relativity theory by Einstein suggests to us that the speed of light is an absolute limit built into the fabric of space and time as we observe it. This […]

Our Knowledge of Matter and Energy

We like to think that we know what “elementary particles” are made of, but in fact, while we may know some things about their behavior or interaction with other particles, we know little about their fundamental nature. Here are some of the things we know: Sometimes they act like waves and sometimes they act like […]

Superconducting Islands Amplify Photon Pressure

The ripple in space that we call a photon, or wave/particle of light, does have some mass, but it is so small that is almost zero. It normally takes millions of photons just to measure any impact at all. Joint research based in Finland shows that an island of superconductivity can amplify the ability to […]

Galactic ET-Net

Advanced civilizations will not be using the same technology that we use and just as ants might find it difficult to understand the internet, we struggle when trying to define advanced technology. Modulated waves of electromagnetic energy are not the only way to communicate. In the Standard Model of physics, the force carriers are divided […]

1905 – photoelectric effect

Maxwell‘s equations showed that light, electricity and magnetism all had similar wave characteristics and suggested that light was a variation of the electro-magnetic wave form. If this was true, light and other electro-magnetic waves impacting metal would cause a flow of electric current in the metal. At the time, scientists were using electrified glass tubes […]

Ultra Light Absorber

Researchers at the Huygens Laboratory in Leiden University in the Netherlands have demonstrated that at a very thin level of thickness, NbN (niobiumnitride) can absorb nearly 100% of light. The ideal substance for photovoltaic solar energy conversion is something that absorbs almost all radiation and is thin enough to collect electrical energy efficiently. Most recent […]