Archive for philosophy

You are browsing the archives of philosophy.

1646 – Leibniz – bio

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig, Germany in 1646 and became known primarily for his contributions to philosophy and mathematics but was also accomplished in many other fields. He created the modern binary number system that is used by computers and at the same time as Newton, invented calculus. He invented the mathematical sign […]

-0334 – Zeno (of Citium) – bio

Zeno was born in -334 in Citium (Kition), a city kingdom on the island of Cyprus. Cyprus is a Mediterranean island south of Turkey and West of Syria. Cyprus was under Persian influence, then conquered by the Greeks under Alexander in -333, and after his death became part of Hellenistic Egypt. Zeno is considered to […]

-0425 – Plato – bio

Plato was born in Athens, Greece around -425. While he is mostly known today as the father of western philosophy, he also studied and taught mathematics and considered math as a branch of philosophy and an important method of understanding. Plato followed in the footsteps of Pythagoras, was a student of Socrates, and founded a […]

1509 – Telesio – bio

Bernardino Telesio was born in 1509 in Cosenza, in Italy. He studied at Padua University, then spent some time in a Benedictine monastery. He was critical of the abstract reasoning in the philosophy of Aristotle, insisting we should focus instead on empirical evidence. He wrote a nine volume collection called, “On the Nature of Things […]

1635 – Robert Hooke – bio

Robert Hooke was born in 1635 on the Isle of Wight in England. He was known as an architect and philosopher, but made contributions in many fields. He discovered Hookes Law of elasticity which describes the compression and extension of springs. He collected observations made with magnifying lenses, of both small objects and distant objects, […]

1126 – Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd (known as Averroes in western culture) was born in 1126 in Cordoba, Spain. He was known for integrating the philosophy of Aristotle with the Islamic philosophy of his culture and time. He accepted that religion and philosophy often seemed to contradict each other and taught that there were […]

1533 – Zabarella – bio

Giacomo (Jacopo) Zabarella was born in Padua, Italy in 1533. He attended the University of Padua, obtained a PhD in philosophy there, taught philosophy there, and eventually died in Padua. He was primarily known for his contributions to philosophy and logic, setting the standard for other philosophers during the Renaissance in Europe. PRECURSOR: -0384 – […]

1561 – Francis Bacon – bio

Francis Bacon was born in London, England in 1561 and while he was known as an author, a lawyer, a statesman and philosopher, he also is credited with creating a methodology for scientific inquiry. Bacon’s primary work, the “Instauratio Magna” (Great Restoration), was never finished but was outlined in six parts to follow a biblical […]

-0460 – Zeno (of Elea) – bio

Zeno of Elea, was born around -460 in southern Italy and influenced the thinking and work of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Zeno studied under the philospher Parmenides and became famous for posing paradoxical problems. Plato wrote a dialogue called “Parmenides”, which is our primary source on the thinking of Zeno. PRECURSOR: -0575 – Pythagoras CONCURRENT: […]

1889 – Wittgenstein – bio

Ludwig Wittgenstein was born in 1889 in Vienna, Austria and was a philosopher, mathematician and logician. He concentrated in the philosophy of mathematics and theories about the use of language. In 1922, he published a book-length work called, “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” that explored the relationship between language and reality and was presented as propositions representing logical […]