Archive for medicine

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1031 – Shen Kuo

Shen Kuo was born in 1031 in Qiantang (Hangzhou today) in Eastern China. He excelled in the fields of astronomy, physics, chemistry, geology, medicine, literature, engineering, and was also known as a diplomat and expert at military strategy. Both his knowledge and assorted skills were encyclopedic. PRECURSOR: -0325 – Euclid 0220 – Ma Jun 0283 […]

1822 – Louis Pasteur – bio

Louis Pasteur was born in 1822 in France and is known for discovering pasteurization (heating beverages to kill bacteria in them) and vaccination. Vaccination is the process of exposing a patient to a vaccine, which causes a low level infection, stimulating the immune system to develop antibodies, creating an immunity against the disease. He explained […]

1881 – Fleming – bio

Alexander Fleming was born in 1881 in Scotland. He was the first to isolate penicillin after observing its antibiotic effect. He also discovered that bacteria could develop resistance to penicillin under certain conditions. PRECURSOR: -0600 – Sushruta -0460 – Hippocrates 0129 – Galen 0980 – ibn Sina 1514 – Vesalius 1578 – Harvey 1632 – […]

1509 – Telesio – bio

Bernardino Telesio was born in 1509 in Cosenza, in Italy. He studied at Padua University, then spent some time in a Benedictine monastery. He was critical of the abstract reasoning in the philosophy of Aristotle, insisting we should focus instead on empirical evidence. He wrote a nine volume collection called, “On the Nature of Things […]

Taking Pills That Contain Nanotechnology

Carefully targeted and controlled delivery of substances into our bodies can be accomplished using nanotechnology containers. The containers can be routed to specific areas or tissues and can release materials at either a certain place or a certain time or span of time. Drugs, vitamins, oxygen, sensors, and more materials can be delivered in this […]

1514 – Andreas Vesalius – bio

Vesalius was born as Andries van Wesel in Brussels, the Netherlands, in 1514. He is known for advancing the medical understanding of human anatomy and published a landmark study, “De Humani Corporis Fabrica” (On the Fabric of the Human Body). Vesalius discovered that the research of Galen had been based on animal rather than human […]

-0600 – Sushruta – bio

Sushruta lived in Northern India near the modern city of Benares (or Varanasi) and taught the principles of Ayurvedic medicine and surgery along the banks of the river, Ganges. He authored one of the earliest texts on medicine and surgery, known as “Sushruta Samhita”, which contains descriptions of illnesses and medicinal plants, and many surgical […]

timeline of the University of Padua

1222 – earliest document mentioning Padua University 1401 – Nicholas of Cusa received a doctorate of religious law in 1423 at Padua University and became influential in the beginning of the renaissance period. 1473 – Copernicus received a doctorate of religious law in 1503 at Padua University. His most famous work, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium […]

0129 – Galen – bio

Galen was born in Pergamon (then Greece, part of the Roman Empire, now in Turkey) in 0129. He was a physician and philosopher who followed the teaching of Hippocrates and through the study of anatomy, made great advances in medical science. He improved the understanding of how the circulatory system works and was a skilled […]

-0460 – Hippocrates – bio

Hippocrates was a greek physician born around -0460. He is considered to be “the father of medicine” because of his contributions to the systematic study of illness and medicine. The Hippocratic oath that physicians take, swearing to the ethical practice of medicine, is named after him. Before Hippocrates, superstition ruled medical beliefs and popular thinking […]