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Kardashev Scale Meets Fermi Paradox

for background info, SEE ALSO: The Kardashev Scale Singularity Theory May Explain Fermi Paradox The Evolution of Civilization The Kardashev scale describes the evolution of civilizations according to a grand scale of energy consumption. Stage I civilizations can consume energy on a planetary scale, Stage II on a stellar scale, and Stage III on a […]

The Kardashev Scale

The Kardashev scale classifies theoretical civilizations according to their usable energy resources. The scale is named after Nikolai Kardashev, a Russian astrophysicist who created it. He described three different levels, each separated by a factor of around ten billion: Type I – planetary scale, comparable to our civilization which is capable of using around 10^16 […]