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-0325 – Euclid – bio

Euclid was a Greek mathematician and scholar who worked in Alexandria during the rule of Ptolemy. Euclid is best known for his vast collection of mathematics and geometry in a series of books called, “The Elements”. While it is possible that most of the work compiled in The Elements had been discovered previously by others, […]

1918 – Feynman – bio

Richard Feynman was born in 1918 in New York, USA and was a physicist. He was one of the founders of quantum electrodynamics and invented a shorthand to show particle interactions now known as “Feynman diagrams”. In 1965, he won a Nobel prize for his work in quantum electrodynamics, along with Julian Schwinger and Sin-Itiro […]

1902 – Dirac – bio

Paul Dirac was born in 1902 in Bristol, England. He was a mathematician and physicist who helped to develop quantum mechanics and discovered an equation that successfully predicted anti-matter. In 1928 he created the Dirac equation which provides a mathematical description of elementary particles that is consistent with both relativity and quantum mechanics. The equation […]

1903 – Von Neumann

John von Neumann was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1903 and was a mathematician. He did work with logic, set theory, quantum theory and statistical mechanics. His work on fixed point theorems led others to later accumulate three Nobel prizes in the area. He was an expert in explosion hydrodynamics and worked on the “Manhattan […]

1596 – Descartes – bio

Rene Descartes was born in France in 1596. He is known as “the father of modern philosophy” and also contributed to mathematics and general science. The cartesian coordinate system is named for him and he created analytic geometry. He also did some work in the field of optics, with both refraction and reflection. Prior to […]

1777 – Gauss – bio

1777 - Gauss - bio

“Mathematics is the queen of sciences and number theory the queen of mathematics. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences, but in all relations she is entitled to the first rank.” Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born in Braunschweig, Germany in 1777. He made great contributions to mathematics, but was […]

1791 – Faraday – bio

Michael Faraday was born in 1791 in South London, England. Faraday studied electromagnetic fields and was also a chemist. He proposed that magnetism is a circular force and used that idea to build the first simple electric motor. He discovered electromagnetic induction and built the first generator and transformer. He discovered that a magnetic field […]

-0287 – Archimedes – bio

Archimedes was a Greek engineer, inventor, mathematician and scientist born in Syracuse, Sicily around -287. He explained how the lever works, invented the “Archimedes screw” pump, and designed many military machines for attack and siege. He discovered how buoyancy in water works by displacement and this is now known as Archimedes Principle. He invented a […]

1849 – Klein – bio

Felix Christian Klein was born in Dusseldorf, Germany and was a mathematician. He did work on group theory and non-Euclidian geometry. He wrote a book on the icosahedron and created a 4-dimensional construct that is known as the “klein bottle”. PRECURSOR: Plucker 1826 – Riemann CONCURRENT: 1842 – Lie 1844 – Boltzmann 1854 – Poincare […]

0780 – al-Khwarizmi – bio

Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī was born in Khwarizm, Persia (now Uzbekistan) around the year 780. He is most famous for his book on algebra titled, “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing”. He is considered to be the father of algebra because this book was the first about the systematic solution of linear […]