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1938 – telomeres

In 1938 Hermann Muller coined the word, “telomere” (from the greek roots of tel and mere) to describe small end caps on the chromosomes of fruit flies. Two years later, Barbara McClintock, working independently on genetic research with maize, discovered that without the end caps, chromosomes can become stuck together, causing damage. It is now […]

G9a Gene

Discovery – G9a Gene Triggers Differentiation Of Embryonic Cells At a very early stage of human development, all cells of the embryo are identical, but unlike adult cells are very flexible and carry within them the potential to become any tissue type, whether it be muscle, skin, liver or brain. This cell differentiation process begins […]