Archive for Gauss

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1826 – Riemann – bio

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann was born in 1826 in Breselenz, Germany. He worked on analytic geometry, algebraic geometry, and both non-euclidean and n-dimensional geometries. Some of this work laid important foundations for Einstein’s theory of relativity. He composed the famous “Riemann Hypothesis” which deals with predicting prime numbers. He was a student under Gauss. PRECURSOR: […]

1768 – Fourier – bio

Jean Babtiste Joseph Fourier (known as Joseph) was born in 1768 in France and was a mathematician who became known for his work on heat transfer and the analysis of periodic functions (wave forms) using combinations of trigonometric series. These are now called Fourier series and the process is called Fourier analysis. PRECURSOR: 1642 – […]

1838 – telegraph

1838 is often listed as the year for the invention of the telegraph. This was when Samuel Morse first successfully tested his electrical telegraphy device in the US. Cooke and Wheatstone listed a patent in England for a similar device in 1837 as an alarm system. In 1836, David Alter, a US scientist, demonstrated a […]

1885 – Kaluza – bio

Theodore Kaluza was born in Oppeln, Germany in 1885. He was a mathematician and physicist who is most noted for his contribution to “Kaluza-Klein” theory. This theory, named for the work done by both Kaluza and Oscar Klein, deals with field equations that attempted to unify Einstein’s theory of gravition and and Maxell’s electromagnetic theory […]

1873 – electromagnetic waves

In 1873, James Clerk Maxwell published a textbook called, “A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism” which compiled all known electromagnetic theory at that date including some of his previous work on equations related to electricity and magnetism. Maxwell theorized that light was an electromagnetic wave and tied together light, electricity and magnetism which had been […]

1879 – Einstein – bio

Albert Einstein was born in Wurttemburg, Germany in 1879 and become known as one of the greatest physicists and thinkers. PRECURSOR: -0300 – Euclid 1564 – Galileo 1642 – Newton 1777 – Gauss 1826 – Riemann 1831 – Maxwell 1838 – Mach 1849 – Klein 1853 – Lorentz 1854 – Poincare 1858 – Planck CONCURRENT: […]

1831 – Maxwell – bio

James Clerk Maxwell was a mathematician and physicist who was born in Scotland in 1831. His differential equations that describe the electromagnetic process are now known as “Maxwells Equations”. They were able to build upon the work of Gauss with electric charge and magnetism and the work of Faraday with induction and the work of […]