Archive for Galileo

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timeline of the University of Padua

1222 – earliest document mentioning Padua University 1401 – Nicholas of Cusa received a doctorate of religious law in 1423 at Padua University and became influential in the beginning of the renaissance period. 1473 – Copernicus received a doctorate of religious law in 1503 at Padua University. His most famous work, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium […]

History of the Telescope

The video below offers an introduction to the history of the telescope. Below the video is a link to a timeline of the telescope and related events in history. Amazing History of the Telescope – [youtube.com] 1608 – telescope – [hackingtheuniverse.com] Hans Lippershey, a Dutch lensmaker has been given primary credit for making the first […]

1588 – Mersenne – bio

Marin Mersenne was born in France in 1588 and studied theology, philosophy, mathematics and music. He is known for some of the first major contributions to acoustics and for his work compiling a list of large prime numbers by using the form 2^p – 1 where p is a known prime number. [raise 2 to […]

1596 – Descartes – bio

Rene Descartes was born in France in 1596. He is known as “the father of modern philosophy” and also contributed to mathematics and general science. The cartesian coordinate system is named for him and he created analytic geometry. He also did some work in the field of optics, with both refraction and reflection. Prior to […]

1500 – Fontana/Tartaglia – bio

Niccolo Fontana was born in Brescia, Italy around 1500 and became known as Tartaglia, which was a knickname meaning stammerer; the result of sabre wounds to his jaw. In 1537 he wrote Nova Scienta, which applied mathematical principles to the trajectories of cannonballs. This work later influenced Galileo. He produced both some of the earliest […]

-0310 – Aristarchus – bio

Aristarchus was born on the island of Samos in Greece around -0310. He was a mathematician and philospher and probably the first on record to propose that the Earth circled around the Sun instead of the other way around. He wrote a work titled, “On the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and Moon” which […]

1879 – Einstein – bio

Albert Einstein was born in Wurttemburg, Germany in 1879 and become known as one of the greatest physicists and thinkers. PRECURSOR: -0300 – Euclid 1564 – Galileo 1642 – Newton 1777 – Gauss 1826 – Riemann 1831 – Maxwell 1838 – Mach 1849 – Klein 1853 – Lorentz 1854 – Poincare 1858 – Planck CONCURRENT: […]

1643 – barometer

Galileo knew that pumps had a problem pushing water to an elevation above thirty feet and had theorized that a vacuum might be involved. At the time, the idea of a vacuum was controversial and there was no observational evidence that it could exist. He assigned one of his students, Torricelli to work on this […]

1642 – Newton – bio

Isaac Newton was born in 1643 in Linconshire, England. He made exceptional contributions to physics, mathematics and astronomy and was also accomplished in philosophy and theology. His laws of motion and gravity became landmarks for centuries. He and Leibniz independently developed calculus. He investigated the refraction of light and created the first working reflecting telescope. […]

1564 – Galileo – bio

Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy in 1564. He was an astronomer, physicist, mathematician and philospher. Galileo made improvements to the newly invented telescope and then used it to discover and make observations of the moons around Jupiter and published his findings advocating the heliocentric ideas authored by Copernicus. Galileo taught at the University […]