## Archive for Euler

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Daniel Bernoulli was born in 1700 in the Netherlands and became a mathematician known for his work with fluid dynamics and probability and statistics. In fluid mechanics, “Bernoulli’s Principle” describes the relationships involved amongst fluid speed, pressure differential and potential energy. PRECURSOR: 1627 – Boyle 1642 – Newton 1646 – Leibniz 1662 – Boyle’s law […]

Jean Babtiste Joseph Fourier (known as Joseph) was born in 1768 in France and was a mathematician who became known for his work on heat transfer and the analysis of periodic functions (wave forms) using combinations of trigonometric series. These are now called Fourier series and the process is called Fourier analysis. PRECURSOR: 1642 – […]

Ernst Mach was born in 1838 in what was then part of Austria and now part of the Czech Republic. He was a physicist and philosopher and studied wave dynamics, fluid mechanics and shock waves. He was the first to study super-sonic motion. Multiples of the speed of sound are now designated by numbers named […]

Henri Poincare was born in Nancy, France in 1854 and was a mathematician, physicist and philosopher. He may be best known for posing a theoretical problem in topology called “the Poincare Conjecture” which is a problem in topology about how a sphere can be defined by dealing with the characteristics of a three dimensional manifold. […]

Rene Descartes was born in France in 1596. He is known as “the father of modern philosophy” and also contributed to mathematics and general science. The cartesian coordinate system is named for him and he created analytic geometry. He also did some work in the field of optics, with both refraction and reflection. Prior to […]