Archive for Aristotle

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-0425 – Plato – bio

Plato was born in Athens, Greece around -425. While he is mostly known today as the father of western philosophy, he also studied and taught mathematics and considered math as a branch of philosophy and an important method of understanding. Plato followed in the footsteps of Pythagoras, was a student of Socrates, and founded a […]

-0310 – Aristarchus – bio

Aristarchus was born on the island of Samos in Greece around -0310. He was a mathematician and philospher and probably the first on record to propose that the Earth circled around the Sun instead of the other way around. He wrote a work titled, “On the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and Moon” which […]

-0330 – Theophrastus – bio

Theophrastus was a Greek biologist and botanist, who also made contributions to the fields of philosophy, logic, physics, ethics and language. He has been called “the father of taxonomy” because of his work on systematically classifying plants. He applied the same kind of methodology to a book that described moral outlines of characters in a […]

0980 – ibn Sina – bio

Born Abu Ali Sina Balkhi, or ibn Sina, in Persia around 980 and known in western history by the Latin version of his name, “Avicenna”. He was a physician and philospher and studied and taught mathematics, physics, chemistry, astronomy, logic, geometry, geology, paleontology and more. The author of over 400 works, his major effort was […]

0872 – al-Farabi – bio

Al-Farabi was a Persian born in Turkestan around 872. He wrote many books on logic and became known as the “Second Teacher” (with Aristotle being the first teacher) in part because he developed a non-aristotelian form of logic. He studied the works of Aristotle and wrote commentaries on them. He also studied and wrote on […]