Complex Order From Simple Interactions

“Emergence” is when simple components interact in simple ways but more complex properties, processes, and behavior emerge that were not part of the original pieces or their properties and behavior. Complexity emerges spontaneously in natural systems around us all the time. Ant colonies, birds flocking, chemical interactions, crystallization, traffic flow, and the automata from the game of Life are all examples.

Can A Thousand Tiny Swarming Robots Outsmart Nature?

– [youtube.com]

How does a group of animals — or cells, for that matter — work together when no one’s in charge? Tiny swarming robots–called Kilobots–work together to tackle tasks in the lab, but what can they teach us about the natural world?

Watch This Swarm of Simple Robots Do Surprisingly Complex Things – [singularityhub.com]

When left to its own devices, modern society is closer to an ant colony or school of fish than we’d like to admit. And maybe that’s why we’re transfixed by that flock of starlings, wheeling overhead in unison with no leader to guide their movement.

Nature’s tendency toward emergent behavior, when complex group order arises out of much simpler individual interactions, is deeply counterintuitive to our hero-primed brains. But by studying it, we may gain insights into how to re-engineer nature’s most complex and mysterious processes.

Emergence: The Remarkable Simplicity Of Complexity – [theconversation.com]

From the fractal patterns of snowflakes to cellular lifeforms, our universe is full of complex phenomena – but how does this complexity arise?

“Emergence” describes the ability of individual components of a large system to work together to give rise to dramatic and diverse behavior.

SEE ALSO:
Cellular Automata
Cheap Kilobot Swarms
Nano Self Assembly
Swarm Intelligence
Self Organizing
Things to do With a Supercomputer

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