Self Organizing

If, when something is left to itself it tends to become more organized, we describe that something as “self-organizing”. This is most commonly studied in the field of cellular automata, which involves very simple programming rules that have the ability to produce quite complex output. Cellular automata is used to model developmental growth patterns that are seen in nature, in such varied areas as crystallization, fluidics, insect colonies, ecosystems, urban growth and even traffic analysis.

See also – Self Assembly

Self Organization – [umich.edu]

Something is self-organizing if, left to itself, it tends to become more organized. This is an unusual, indeed quite counter-intuitive property: we expect that, left to themselves, things get messy, and that when we encounter a very high degree of order, or an increase in order, something, someone, or at least some peculiar thing, is responsible. (This is the heart of the Argument from Design.) But we now know of many instances where this expectation is simply wrong, of things which can start in a highly random state and, without being shaped from the outside, become more and more organized. Thus self-organization, which I find to be one of the most interesting concepts in modern science — if also one of the most nebulous, because the ideas of organization, pattern, order and so forth are, as used normally, quite vague.

Self-Organization FAQ – [wisc.edu]

2. Definition of Self-Organisation

The essence of self-organisation is that system structure (at least in part) appears without explicit pressure or constraints from outside the system. In other words, the constraints on form are internal to the system and result from the interactions between the components, whilst being independant of the physical nature of those components. The organisation can evolve either in time or space, can maintain a stable form or can show transient phenomena. General resource flows into or out of the system are permitted, but are not critical to the concept.

The field of self-organisation seeks to discover the general rules under which such structure appears, the forms which it can take, and methods of predicting the changes to the structure that will result from changes to the underlying system. The results are expected to be applicable to any system exhibiting the same network characteristics.

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