Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) are popular models that have shown great promise in many NLP tasks. But despite their recent popularity I’ve only found a limited number of resources that throughly explain how RNNs work, and how to implement them. That’s what this tutorial is about. It’s a multi-part series in which I’m planning to cover the following:
This the second part of the Recurrent Neural Network Tutorial. The first part is here.
Code to follow along is on Github.
In this part we will implement a full Recurrent Neural Network from scratch using Python and optimize our implementation using Theano, a library to perform operations on a GPU. The full code is available on Github. I will skip over some boilerplate code that is not essential to understanding Recurrent Neural Networks, but all of that is also on Github.
Speeding up your Neural Network with Theano and the GPU – [wildml.com]
In a previous blog post we build a simple Neural Network from scratch. Let’s build on top of this and speed up our code using the Theano library. With Theano we can make our code not only faster, but also more concise!
theano – [deeplearning.net]
Theano is a Python library that allows you to define, optimize, and evaluate mathematical expressions involving multi-dimensional arrays efficiently. Theano features:
tight integration with NumPy – Use numpy.ndarray in Theano-compiled functions.
transparent use of a GPU – Perform data-intensive calculations up to 140x faster than with CPU.(float32 only)
efficient symbolic differentiation – Theano does your derivatives for function with one or many inputs.
speed and stability optimizations – Get the right answer for log(1+x) even when x is really tiny.
dynamic C code generation – Evaluate expressions faster.
extensive unit-testing and self-verification – Detect and diagnose many types of errors.
Theano has been powering large-scale computationally intensive scientific investigations since 2007. But it is also approachable enough to be used in the classroom (University of Montreal’s deep learning/machine learning classes).