## Time is Persistence

Understanding time is important because it’s a fundamental building block of the Universe. Most think the Universe is composed of matter, energy, space, and time. It also seems somewhat obvious that energy and matter are directly related, with matter seeming like slow energy or vice versa, energy is fast matter.

String theory proposes that rolled up spatial dimensions (called “strings”) are fundamental building blocks of energy. This seems to suggest that the order of building a continuum to create a universe should be: time, then space, then energy, and finally matter. Time is persistence and without it, nothing else can last. This fact also suggests that time comes first and is the original and fundamental building block.

We also observe that the Universe seems to have some fundamental and common characteristics such as: scaling from simple to complex, recursion (repeating loops), and expansion of dimensions. While it’s not clear how dimensions are scaled, we like to abstract a progression in geometry from points to lines to planes to cubic space and perhaps further. A point adds another point outside of the original zero dimension to become a line. A line adds another line outside of the original single dimension to become a plane. A plane adds another plane outside of the original two dimensions to become cubic space. By theory, a cubic space would add another cubic space outside of the original three dimensions to become a tesseract or super cube in the next level. And this process can continue.

Applying this same scaling process to time/persistence, a zero dimension (point) of time/persistence that does not endure is the beginning. Creating more time creates a line of time/persistence that would be one dimensional or linear in the manner that we observe time. If the recursion and scaling continues, the next stage would include a new time dimension outside of the original line, creating a two dimensional “plane of time”. At this point, the analogy challenges our comprehension by suggesting many “lines of time” instead of a single time line that we abstract from our experience. We are further challenged to imagine a “bridge of comprehension” from a rapidly expanding number of time dimensions to a beginning of what we abstract as “space”.

Each of the levels: time, space, energy, matter seem to involve more persistence or time than the previous level. As each level becomes more complex, it spawns the beginning of the next level. Complex multi-dimensional time creates space. Complex multi-dimensional space creates energy. Complex multi-dimensional energy creates matter.