The Greatest Scientists

-0575 Pythagoras – pythagorean theorem, mathematical ratios, geometrical harmonies – subsequent: Euclid, Llul

-0325 – Euclid – encyclopedia of geometry – subsequent: Eratosthenes, Apollonius, Heron, Theon, Hypatia, ibn Sina, Omar Khayyam, Mersenne, Non-Euclidean geometry

-0287 Archimedes – screw pump, buoyancy from displacement, three dimensional geometry, spirals, mathematical exhaustion technique – subsequent: al-Jazari, Fontana/Tartaglia, Mersenne, Descartes, Fermat, Mach, Hilbert

0499 – Aryabhata – heliocentric theory, hindu-arabic numbering system, algebra, trigonometry, eliptical orbits, quadratic equations – subsequent: al-Khwarizmi, al-Battani, Cardano, Euler

0990 – Bi Sheng – first movable type printing press – subsequent: Gutenberg

1136 – al-Jazari – inventions using crankshafts, gears, suction pumps, automated devices and clocks that formed the foundation for the vacuum pump, steam engine and most of the industrial revolution – subsequent: “Suction pump to transistor”

1170 – Fibonacci – discovered the “Fibonacci series” – subsequent: Nicholas of Cusa, Napier, Kepler, Descartes, Pascal, Turing

1232 – Llul – created a machine to calculate “truths” by manipulating a symbolic alphabet – subsequent: Leibniz, Babbage, Boole, Turing, Shannon

1401 – Nicholas of Cusa – heliocentric theory, mathematics of infinites, geometry – subsequent: Copernicus, Kepler, Descartes, Fermat, Newton, Leibniz, Cauchy, Cantor

1473 – Copernicus – heliocentric theory, astronomy – subsequent: Galileo, Kepler, Newton

1501 – Cardano – cubic and quartic equations, imaginary and complex numbers, probability – subsequent: Descartes, Euler, Ruffini, Gauss, Abel, Hamilton

1564 – Galileo – telescope, astronomy, thermometer – subsequent: Newton, barometer

1596 – Descartes – coordinate graphing system, algebraic geometry, analytic geometry – subsequent: Newton, Leibniz, Euler

1642 – Newton – calculus, gravity, laws of motion, optics, physics – subsequent: – Bernoulli, Lagrange, Arago

1646 – Leibniz – calculus, binary number system – subsequent: 1789 – Cauchy
Babbage, Lovelace, Riemann, Weiner, Mandelbrot

1777 – Gauss – non-euclidean geometry, prime numbers, differential geometry – subsequent: Grassman, Kirchoff, Riemann, Maxwell, Clifford, Klein, Einstein, Kaluza, Weil

1831 – Maxwell – equations that unified electromagnetism – subsequent: Heaviside, Lorentz, Poincare, Tesla, Thomson, Hertz, Planck, Minkowski, Einstein, Kaluza, Michelson-Morley experiment

1879 – Einstein – photoelectric effect, special relativity, general relativity

1879 – Korzybski – general semantics, abstraction, multi-valued logic

1887 – Schrodinger – wave equation for an atom

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