## 1831 – Maxwell – bio

James Clerk Maxwell was a mathematician and physicist who was born in Scotland in 1831. His differential equations that describe the electromagnetic process are now known as “Maxwells Equations”. They were able to build upon the work of Gauss with electric charge and magnetism and the work of Faraday with induction and the work of Ampere relating electric fields to magnetic fields to create a unification of electricity and magnetism into electro-magnetism. Maxwell was probably the first to understand that light is also a form of electromagnetism after he used his equations to calculate the speed of propagation of an electromagnetic field was the same as the speed of light. He concluded that visible light is only a small part of the total electromagnetic spectrum.

PRECURSOR:

**-0300 – Euclid**

**1596 – Descartes**

**1643 – Newton**

1768 – Fourier

1775 – Ampere

**1777 – Gauss**

**1786 – Arago**

**1791 – Faraday**

1793 – Hopkins

CONCURRENT:

1831 – Tait

**1844 – Boltzmann**

SUBSEQUENT:

1850 – Heaviside

**1853 – Lorentz**

**1854 – Poincare**

**1856 – Tesla**

**1856 – Thomson**

1857 – Hertz

**1858 – Planck**

**1864 – Minkowski**

**1879 – Einstein**

**1885 – Kaluza**

1887 – Michelson-Morley experiment

[…] PRECURSOR: Henry Faraday Maxwell […]