1831 – Maxwell – bio

James Clerk Maxwell was a mathematician and physicist who was born in Scotland in 1831. His differential equations that describe the electromagnetic process are now known as “Maxwells Equations”. They were able to build upon the work of Gauss with electric charge and magnetism and the work of Faraday with induction and the work of Ampere relating electric fields to magnetic fields to create a unification of electricity and magnetism into electro-magnetism. Maxwell was probably the first to understand that light is also a form of electromagnetism after he used his equations to calculate the speed of propagation of an electromagnetic field was the same as the speed of light. He concluded that visible light is only a small part of the total electromagnetic spectrum.

PRECURSOR:
-0300 – Euclid
1596 – Descartes
1643 – Newton
1768 – Fourier
1775 – Ampere
1777 – Gauss
1786 – Arago
1791 – Faraday
1793 – Hopkins

CONCURRENT:
1831 – Tait
1844 – Boltzmann

SUBSEQUENT:
1850 – Heaviside
1853 – Lorentz
1854 – Poincare
1856 – Tesla
1856 – Thomson
1857 – Hertz
1858 – Planck
1864 – Minkowski
1879 – Einstein
1885 – Kaluza
1887 – Michelson-Morley experiment

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