1881 – Fleming – bio

Alexander Fleming was born in 1881 in Scotland. He was the first to isolate penicillin after observing its antibiotic effect. He also discovered that bacteria could develop resistance to penicillin under certain conditions.

PRECURSOR:
-0600 – Sushruta
-0460 – Hippocrates
0129 – Galen
0980 – ibn Sina
1514 – Vesalius
1578 – Harvey

1632 – van Leeuwenhoek
1707 – Linnaeus
1827 – Lister (born)
1871 – Lister notes antibiotic action of molds
1877 – Pasteur notes that molds inhibit growth of anthrax bacteria
1897 – Duchesne uses penicillin molds to kill typhus in guinea pigs

CONCURRENT:
1928 – Penicillin discovered by Fleming
1941 – industrialized penicillin production
1945 – Hodgkin discovers chemical structure of penicillin
1952 – oral penicillin

SUBSEQUENT:
1957 – Sheehan does first chemical synthesis of penicillin
2015 – Teixobactin

Comments are closed.