1854 – Poincare – bio

Henri Poincare was born in Nancy, France in 1854 and was a mathematician, physicist and philosopher. He may be best known for posing a theoretical problem in topology called “the Poincare Conjecture” which is a problem in topology about how a sphere can be defined by dealing with the characteristics of a three dimensional manifold. While working on a class of problems in orbital mechanics known as “the three body problem”, Poincare discovered what is now known as chaos theory. Lorentz and Poincare discovered much of the foundation of special relativity at the same time as Albert Einstein.

Poincare Contemplates Copernicus – [mathpages.com]

In June of 1905 the theory of special relativity was described in two papers, one written by Henri Poincare, and the other by Albert Einstein. Poincare sent his paper “On the Dynamics of the Electron” to the Academy of Science in Paris on June 5, and Einstein submitted his paper “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” to the Annalen der Physik on June 30. Poincare followed up with a more detailed paper (now often referred to as the Palermo paper) in July, and Einstein followed with his paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend on Its Energy Content?” in September.

PRECURSOR:
1643 – Newton
1707 – Euler
1808 – Listing
1822 – Hermite
1822 – Bertrand
1823 – Betti
1826 – Riemann
1831 – Maxwell

CONCURRENT:
1844 – Boltzmann
1845 – Cantor
1849 – Klein
1853 – Lorentz
1853 – Ricci-Curbastro
1862 – Hilbert
1867 – Curie
1872 – Russell
1879 – Einstein
1864 – Minkowski

SUBSEQUENT:
1882 – Noether
1924 – Mandelbrot
1930 – Smale
1943 – Hamilton (Richard)
1951 – Freedman
1966 – Perelman

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