1811 – Galois – bio

Evariste Galois was born in Bourge-la-Reine, France in 1811. His major contribution is known as Galois Theory, which he discovered while trying to find roots for polynomial equations. He was studying permutations of roots and realized that symmetries found in the roots can explain their solvability. This laid the foundation for what is now known as group theory and the study of symmetry.

PRECURSOR:
1802 – Abel

CONCURRENT:
1789 – Cauchy

SUBSEQUENT:
1842 – Lie

SEE ALSO:
Timeline of Group Theory
Symmetry, reality’s riddle: Marcus du Sautoy on TED.com – [ted.com]

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