-2750 – first pyramids built

great pyramid

great pyramid

The Egyptian pyramids are huge shapes built from large blocks of stone with four triangular faces that meet at a top point. They were built as burial monuments to the kings (pharoahs) of Egypt in the belief that caring for the deceased body would enable a better survival in the afterlife and possibly allow the spirit of the dead pharoah to protect the people of Egypt.

Explore the Pyramids – [nationalgeographic.com]

Tombs Fit for Kings

To shelter and safeguard the part of a pharaoh’s soul that remained with his corpse, Egyptians built massive tombs—but not always pyramids.

Before the pyramids, tombs were carved into bedrock and topped by flat-roofed structures called mastabas. Mounds of dirt, in turn, sometimes topped the structures.

The pyramid shape of later tombs could have come from these mounds. More likely, Egyptian pyramids were modeled on a sacred, pointed stone called the benben. The benben symbolized the rays of the sun; ancient texts claimed that pharaohs reached the heavens via sunbeams.

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