1126 – Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd (known as Averroes in western culture) was born in 1126 in Cordoba, Spain. He was known for integrating the philosophy of Aristotle with the Islamic philosophy of his culture and time. He accepted that religion and philosophy often seemed to contradict each other and taught that there were separate values to be found in each path. He also made contributions to astronomy, medicine, physics, psychology and more.

PRECURSOR:
-0384 – Aristotle
980 – ibn Sina (Avicenna)

CONCURRENT:
1095 – Ibn Bajja (Avempace)

SUBSEQUENT:
1170 – Robert Grosseteste
1533 – Zabarella
1561 – Francis Bacon

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