## 1791 – Faraday – bio

**Michael Faraday** was born in 1791 in South London, England. Faraday studied electromagnetic fields and was also a chemist. He proposed that magnetism is a circular force and used that idea to build the first simple electric motor. He discovered electromagnetic induction and built the first generator and transformer. He discovered that a magnetic field can rotate the plane of polarization of light. This is now called “The Faraday Effect” and first established the link between light and electromagnetism. He demonstrated shielding against static charges using conductors, a concept now known as a “Faraday cage”. Faraday’s work with electromagnetism laid the foundation for the consolidating Maxwell equations.

Faraday discovered benzene.

PRECURSOR:

Volta

Gilbert

Ampere

Davy

CONCURRENT:

Oersted

Henry

SUBSEQUENT:

Maxwell

Zeeman

Lorentz

[…] CONCURRENT: 1768 – Fourier 1773 – Young 1777 – Gauss 1786 – Arago 1791 – Faraday […]

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