## 1903 – Von Neumann

John von Neumann was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1903 and was a mathematician. He did work with logic, set theory, quantum theory and statistical mechanics. His work on fixed point theorems led others to later accumulate three Nobel prizes in the area.

He was an expert in explosion hydrodynamics and worked on the “Manhattan Project” which developed the atomic bomb. He later made key contributions to the development of the hydrogen bomb.

Von Neumann made contributions to operator algebras in topology, permutation groups and is known for greatly expanding game theory. His work with game theory led him to the foundations of computer science and he created the field now known as cellular automata. His development of statistics was responsible for modern econometric methodology.

PRECURSOR:

**-0325 – Euclid**

**1623 – Pascal**

**1862 – Hilbert**

1871 – Borel

**1879 – Einstein**

CONCURRENT:

1885 – Weyl

**1887 – Schroedinger**

1901 – Fermi

**1901 – Heisenberg**

**1902 – Dirac**

1902 – Morgenstern

1902 – Wigner

1904 – Oppenheimer

**1906 – Godel**

1908 – Teller

1909 – Ulam

1911 – Fuchs

SUBSEQUENT:

**1916 – Shannon**

1921 – Arrow

1921 – Debreu

1928 – Nash

1928 – Bell

1937 – Conway

1938 – Knuth

1947 – Aspect

SEE ALSO:

**Cellular Automata**