2003 – Human Genome project completed

The Human Genome Project – [genome.gov]

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history – an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos; an international research effort to sequence and map all of the genes – together known as the genome – of members of our species, Homo sapiens. Completed in April 2003, the HGP gave us the ability, for the first time, to read nature’s complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.

Human Genome Project
(archive)

PRECURSOR:
1735 – “Systema Naturae” – Linnaeus
1865 – “Experiments on Plant Hybridization” – Mendel
1913 – first genetic map of a chromosome
1938 – telomeres
1953 – DNA – Watson and Crick
1961 – genetic code for protein synthesis
1977 – DNA sequencing
1983 – first genetic disease mapped (Huntington’s disease)
1995 – first chromosome decoded (bacterium Haemophilus influenzae)
1999 – first human chromosome decoded (22)
2000 – genome sequence of fruit fly

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