## 1924 – Mandelbrot – bio

Benoit Mandlebrot was born in Poland in 1924 and is known as the “father of fractals”. He is a mathematician who has a reputation for establishing fractal geometry as a mainstream field. He created the term, “fractal” and has applied his ideas to fields such as; economics, fluid dynamics, and cosmology.

“Clouds are not spheres, mountains are not cones, coastlines are not circles, and bark is not smooth, nor does lightning travel in a straight line.”

Benoit Mandelbrot – *The Fractal Geometry of Nature*

**The Mandelbrot Set** – [utah.edu]

What’s so special about the Mandelbrot set? Its boundary exhibits complicated structure at all length scales from about 1 down as far as you wish (or as you computer will take you) to zero. In other words, it is a fractal .

**Mandelbrot Set** – [wolfram.com]

The term Mandelbrot set is used to refer both to a general class of fractal sets and to a particular instance of such a set. In general, a Mandelbrot set marks the set of points in the complex plane such that the corresponding Julia set is connected and not computable.

PRECURSOR:

1815 – Weierstrass

**1826 – Riemann**

1845 – Cantor

**1849 – Klein**

**1854 – Poincare**

1868 – Hausdorff

1870 – von Koch

1878 – Fatou

1886 – Levy

1893 – Julia

1899 – Mandelbrojt (Szolem)

1903 – von Neumann

CONCURRENT:

1935 – Douady

1945 – Hubbard