### 1930 – Rudolph Kalman – bio

Rudolph Kalman was born in Budapest, Hungary, in 1930 and was known for his work in mathematics and electrical engineering. The “Kalman filter” is an algorithm known as a linear quadratic estimation, and is used in time series analysis and applied to signal processing, trajectory optimization, and econometrics. This means it is used widely in […]

### 1913 – Erdos – bio

Paul Erdos was born in 1913 in Hungary and was a mathematician. He had an eccentric personality and was one of the most prolific mathematicians in history, either writing or collaborating on 1,475 papers. He did work in number theory, set theory, and probability theory, and is credited with founding the field of discrete mathematics. […]

### 1948 – Moravec – bio

Hans Moravec was born in Austria in 1948 and has contributed influential work in robotics and artificial intelligence. He has also done work in the fields of transhumanism and space tethers (space elevator). In 1998, in “Mind Children”, he wrote, “it is comparatively easy to make computers exhibit adult level performance on intelligence tests or […]

### 2003 – Human Genome project completed

The Human Genome Project – [genome.gov] The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history – an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos; an international research effort to sequence and map all of the genes – together known as the […]

### 1924 – Mandelbrot – bio

Benoit Mandlebrot was born in Poland in 1924 and is known as the “father of fractals”. He is a mathematician who has a reputation for establishing fractal geometry as a mainstream field. He created the term, “fractal” and has applied his ideas to fields such as; economics, fluid dynamics, and cosmology. “Clouds are not spheres, […]