Hacking The Universe is about figuring out how things work. Any things. All things. But specifically, for now, information security things and things about science.

solar system

Growing Food in Space

Once we establish living habitats in space, it will not be practical to lift food out of the gravity well on Earth for consumption in space. Rather, food will be grown where it is consumed, using advanced agricultural techniques and robot attendants. Gravity will be supplied by rotation of the habitat. Water used in agriculture [...]

timeline of information theory

Information theory was founded by Claude Shannon in 1948 with an article he wrote that was published in the Bell System (Labs) Technical Journal. The article dealt with the mathematical engineering process involved in transmitting information over noisy connections. Shannon defined the unpredictability of information as “entropy” and applied statistical analysis techniques similar to those [...]

The Greatest Scientists

-0575 Pythagoras – pythagorean theorem, mathematical ratios, geometrical harmonies – subsequent: Euclid, Llul -0325 – Euclid – encyclopedia of geometry – subsequent: Eratosthenes, Apollonius, Heron, Theon, Hypatia, ibn Sina, Omar Khayyam, Mersenne, Non-Euclidean geometry -0287 Archimedes – screw pump, buoyancy from displacement, three dimensional geometry, spirals, mathematical exhaustion technique – subsequent: al-Jazari, Fontana/Tartaglia, Mersenne, Descartes, [...]

Refueling in Space Means Staying There

Our future lies in space, not pinned down on the surface of a planet at the bottom of a gravity well. Once we have managed to climb out of that dark hole, we will have little reason to go back down into it. Most of the fuel required for space travel is burned up in [...]

Life Can Be Suspended – Then Continued

The concept of suspended animation has been used in science fiction for many years. As medical science has advanced, our ability to extend life has grown to the point where it is difficult to define the difference between “alive” and “dead”. There are many documented cases of hypothermia (extreme cold) slowing down body functions and [...]

Human Service Helper Robots

Availability, lack of fatigue, wide sensory input, precision, strength, and other factors make robots ideal human service helpers. Here is a list of domestic chores where they may be helpful: Doing laundry Cleaning windows Cleaning floors Doing dishes Cleaning kitchen Cleaning bathroom Lawn/yard maintenance Empty waste containers Transportation Medication dispensing Preparing food Communications Security Assembly [...]

No Windows in Space

Many representations of life in space include windows in the walls of space ships and space dwellings. There will be no windows in space. As an engineering consideration, windows are “factory installed leaks”. Our electronics continue to grow smaller, more flexible and are starting to become built in to everything in our environment. It will [...]

Recipe for Homemade Flexible Electronics

Combine pencil leads and dishwashing liquid, mix on high speed in a blender, pour the liquid into an ink cartridge and insert it into an ink-jet printer. Place a sheet of special fabric or plastic into the printer and print the circuit design onto it. Fold the printed sheet according to directions and connect it [...]

From Samurai Swords to Smart Fabrics

Samurai swords were made in an elaborate, repetitive process that was ritualized to ensure the integrity of the methodology. A piece of iron was heated in a forge and folded and flattened many times to create layers of iron and carbon and iron oxide that were formed into swords with strength, flexibility and able to [...]


A bug in the OpenSSL protocol that encrypts and protects our web page logins and passwords has been discovered and was announced on April 7, 2014. Web servers are being patched rapidly to close this hole. But in the meantime, our passwords and other important credentials (certificates and keys) may have been revealed. The vulnerability [...]